Friday, October 22, 2010

Largest Countries in the World News,Population,Area,Topography.

 Largest Countries in the World and Population

Note: From 1989 to 1996, China was listed as the world's third-largest country by total area according to the CIA World Factbook. The United States replaced 

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28 Mar 2010 ... Sortable chart of the world's countries and regions by total area in square kilometers.

Russia is the largest country in the world; its total area is 17075400 square kilometres (6592800 sq mi). There are 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia .

The ten largest economies in the world and the European Union in 2008, ... Several economies which are not considered to be countries (world, EU,  

It is the world's second largest country by total area. Canada's common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world 

South Korea has the 26th largest population in the world this year, but its birthrate is ... India will replace China as the most populace country in the world.

List of countries by population-

See also: List of countries by past and future population, List of countries by population in 2000, and List of countries by population in 1900

Map of countries by population for the year 2007
This is a list of countries by population. The list includes independent countries and inhabited dependent territories based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. Also given, as a percentage, is each country's population compared to the population of the world, which is currently 6,876,600,000.

Areas that form integral parts of sovereign states, such as the countries of the United Kingdom, are counted as part of the sovereign states concerned. Not included are other entities, such as the European Union, that are not sovereign states, and dependent territories that do not have permanent populations, such as various countries' claims to Antarctica.n1

Figures used in this chart are based on the most recent estimate or projection by the national census authority where available and usually rounded off. Where national data is unavailable, figures are based on the 2010 estimate by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Because the compiled figures are not collected at the same time in every country, or at the same level of accuracy, the resulting numerical comparisons may result in misleading conclusions. Further, the addition of all countries may not equal the world total.

Sovereign states are listed in bold text and dependent territories in italic. States listed that do not have general recognition are in bold and italic.
For a graphical version of this list, see list of countries by population (graphical). See also list of countries and dependencies by population density and the list of regional organizations by population.


Rank↓ Country / Territory↓ Population↓ Date of estimate↓  % of World Population↓ Source
1  Chinan2 1,340,180,000 October 22, 2010 19.5% Official Chinese Population Clock
2  India 1,189,200,000 October 22, 2010 17.3%
3  United States 310,533,000 October 22, 2010 4.52% Official United States Population Clock
4  Indonesia 237,556,363 May 2010 3.45% 2010 Indonesian Census
5  Brazil 193,690,000 October 22, 2010 2.82% Brazilian Official Population Clock
6  Pakistan 170,855,000 October 22, 2010 2.48% Official Pakistani Population clock
7  Bangladesh 164,425,000 2010 2.39% 2008 UN estimate for year 2010
8  Nigeria 158,259,000 2010 2.3% 2008 UN estimate for year 2010
9  Russia 141,927,297 January 1, 2010 2.06% Federal State Statistics Service of Russia
10  Japan 127,360,000 September 1, 2010 1.85% Official Japan Statistics Bureau

List of countries by GDP (nominal)-

World maps of GDP (Nominal and PPP). Figures are from the CIA World Factbook for 2005.
This article includes a list of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. The GDP dollar estimates presented here are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.

The ten largest economies in the World and the European Union in 2008, measured in nominal GDP (millions of USD), according to the International Monetary Fund.[citation needed]
Several economies which are not considered to be countries (world, the EU, Eurozone, and some dependent territories) are included in the list because they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed.

The first list includes 2009 data for members of the International Monetary Fund.

The second list shows the World Bank's 2009 estimates, and the third list includes mostly 2009 estimates from the CIA World Factbook.

List of countries and outlying territories by total area-

This is a list of the sovereign states and dependent territories of the world, sorted by total area, including all entities on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1.
For statistical purposes, dependent territories are listed separately from their sovereign states and are set off in italics. The figures represent total areas, covering land and inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Some entries may also include marine internal waters (coastal waters). Territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zones are not included.
Also not included in the list are uninhabited dependent territories – including various countries' claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica (14,400,000 km2/5,600,000 sq mi) – and entities such as the European Union (4,324,782 km2/1,669,808 sq mi total area) that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories. The total land area of the world is 148,940,000 km2 (57,510,000 sq mi) (about 29.1% of the Earth's surface area).
This is a graphical list of the countries of the world sorted by total area. All sovereign states with areas greater than 100,000 km² are shown in green. In addition, non-sovereign territories are also included for purposes of comparison, and are shown as gray. Areas include inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Claims of parts of Antarctica by various countries are not included. For a non-graphical version of this list, see List of countries by area.


Russian Federation
Российская Федерация
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya

Anthem: Государственный гимн Российской Федерации  (Russian)
Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii
State Anthem of the Russian Federation

(and largest city)
55°45′N 37°37′E / 55.75°N 37.617°E / 55.75; 37.617
Official language(s) Russian official throughout the country; 27 others co-official in various regions
Ethnic groups  Russians 79.8%, Tatars 3.8%, Ukrainians 2%, Bashkirs 1.2%, Chuvashes 1.1%, Chechens 0.9%, Armenians 0.8%, other 10.4%
Demonym Russian
Government Federal semi-presidential republic
 -  President Dmitry Medvedev
 -  Prime Minister Vladimir Putin (Independent, but leader of UR)
 -  Chairman of the Federation Council Sergey Mironov (FR)
 -  Chairman of the State Duma Boris Gryzlov (UR)
Legislature Federal Assembly
 -  Upper House Federation Council
 -  Lower House State Duma
 -  Rurik Dynasty 862 
 -  Kievan Rus' 882 
 -  Vladimir-Suzdal Rus' 1169 
 -  Grand Duchy of Moscow 1283 
 -  Tsardom of Russia 1547 
 -  Russian Empire 1721 
 -  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 7 November 1917 
 -  Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 10 December 1922 
 -  Russian Federation 26 December 1991 
 -  Total 17,075,400 km2 (1st)
10,610,162 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 13 (including swamps)  
 -  2010 estimate 141,927,297 (9th)
 -  2002 census 145,166,731
 -  Density 8.3/km2 (217th)
21.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $2.109 trillion
 -  Per capita $14,919
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $1.229 trillion
 -  Per capita $8,693
HDI (2007) 0.817 (high) (71st)
Currency Ruble (RUB)
Time zone (UTC+2 to +11 (exc. +4))
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+3 to +12 (exc. +5))
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .ru, .su, .рф
Calling code +7 

Russia (pronounced /ˈrʌʃə/ ( listen); Russian: Россия, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]  ( listen)), also officially known as the Russian Federation(Russian: Российская Федерация, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈraʦəjə]  ( listen)), is a state in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the United States by the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than a ninth of the Earth's land area. Russia is also the ninth most populous nation with 142 million people. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, spanning 9 time zones and incorporating a wide range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world's largest reserves of mineral and energy resources. It has the world's largest forest reserves and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world's fresh water.

The nation's history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a noble Viking warrior class and their descendants, the first East Slavic state, Kievan Rus', arose in the 9th century and adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 988, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Kievan Rus' ultimately disintegrated and the lands were divided into many small feudal states. The most powerful successor state to Kievan Rus' was Moscow, which served as the main force in the Russian reunification process and independence struggle against the Golden Horde. Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities and came to dominate the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus'. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America.

Russia established worldwide power and influence from the times of the Russian Empire to being the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union, the world's first constitutionally socialist state and a recognized superpower, that played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II. The Soviet era saw some of the greatest technology achievements of the nation, such as the world's first human spaceflight. The Russian Federation was founded following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, but is recognized as the continuing legal personality of the Soviet state. Russia has the world's 12th largest economy by nominal GDP or the 7th largest by purchasing power parity, with the 5th largest nominal military budget. It is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the G8, G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Eurasian Economic Community, the OSCE, and is the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.


The country's original name was Русь (Rus'), a medieval state populated mostly by the East Slavs. However, this proper name became more prominent in the later history, and the country typically was called by its inhabitants "Русская Земля" (russkaya zemlya) which could be translated as "Russian Land" or "Land of Rus'". In order to distinguish this state from other states derived from it, it is denoted as Kievan Rus' by modern historiography.

An old Latin version of the name Rus' was Ruthenia, mostly applied to the western and southern regions of Rus' that were adjacent to Catholic Europe. The current name of the country, Россия (Rossiya), comes from the Greek version of Rus', spelled Ρωσία [rosˈia], which was the denomination of Kievan Rus in the Byzantine Empire.


Russia is the largest country in the world; its total area is 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi). There are 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia, 40 UNESCO biosphere reserves, 40 national parks and 101 nature reserve. Russia has a wide natural resource base, including major deposits of timber, petroleum, natural gas, coal, ores and other mineral resources.


The topography of Russia
The two widest separated points in Russia are about 8,000 km (4,971 mi) apart along a geodesic line. These points are: the boundary with Poland on a 60 km (37 mi) long Vistula Spit separating the Gdańsk Bay from the Vistula Lagoon; and the farthest southeast of the Kuril Islands. The points which are furthest separated in longitude are 6,600 km (4,101 mi) apart along a geodesic line. These points are: in the west, the same spit; in the east, the Big Diomede Island. The Russian Federation spans 9 time zones.

Most of Russia consists of vast stretches of plains that are predominantly steppe to the south and heavily forested to the north, with tundra along the northern coast. Russia possesses 10% of the world's arable land . Mountain ranges are found along the southern borders, such as the Caucasus (containing Mount Elbrus, which at 5,642 m (18,510 ft) is the highest point in both Russia and Europe) and the Altai (containing Mount Belukha, which at the 4,506 m (14,783 ft) is the highest point of Asian Russia); and in the eastern parts, such as the Verkhoyansk Range or the volcanoes on Kamchatka Peninsula. The Ural Mountains, rich in mineral resources, form a north-south range that divides Europe and Asia.

Mount Elbrus, the highest point of the Caucasus, Russia and Europe
Russia has an extensive coastline of over 37,000 km (22,991 mi) along the Arctic and Pacific Oceans, as well as along the Baltic Sea, Sea of Azov, Black Sea and Caspian Sea. The Barents Sea, White Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, East Siberian Sea, Chukchi Sea, Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, and the Sea of Japan are linked to Russia via the Arctic and Pacific. Russia's major islands and archipelagos include Novaya Zemlya, the Franz Josef Land, the Severnaya Zemlya, the New Siberian Islands, Wrangel Island, the Kuril Islands, and Sakhalin. The Diomede Islands (one controlled by Russia, the other by the U.S.) are just 3 km (1.9 mi) apart, and Kunashir Island is about 20 km (12.4 mi) from Hokkaidō, Japan.

Russia has thousands of rivers and inland bodies of water providing it with one of the world's largest surface water resources. The largest and most prominent of Russia's bodies of fresh water is Lake Baikal, the world's deepest, purest, oldest and most capacious freshwater lake. Baikal alone contains over one fifth of the world's fresh surface water. Other major lakes include Ladoga and Onega, two of the largest lakes in Europe. Russia is second only to Brazil in volume of the total renewable water resources. Of the country's 100,000 rivers, the Volga is the most famous, not only because it is the longest river in Europe, but also because of its major role in Russian history.


Central Russian Upland near Zaraysk, Moscow Oblast
The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except for the tundra and the extreme southeast. Mountains in the south obstruct the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean, while the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences.

Most of Northern European Russia and Siberia has a subarctic climate, with extremely severe winters in the inner regions of Northeast Siberia (mostly the Sakha Republic, where the Northern Pole of Cold is located with the record low temperature of −68 °C/−90.4 °F), and more moderate elsewhere. The strip of land along the shore of the Arctic Ocean, as well as the Russian Arctic islands, have a polar climate.

From Wikipedia-

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